Everything You Need To Know About Beer
Beer is one of the oldest, and greatest beverages known to man. For centuries, humans have been downing mugs of frothy mead. Year ago, beer was even used as a form of currency. It’s not just a beverage — it’s a pastime.
Many early cultures grew grains and fruit, which were fermented and used to make beer. One of the most popular ingredients was barley, which has been used in beer since 3500 BC. But it wasn’t until the Europeans added hops to the mix in 822 that beer started to resemble its modern form.
In the 1500s the Purity Law was enacted. From then on, the only ingredients allowed in beer were water, hops and barley-malt. During the Industrial Revolution, beer became commercialized and brewed on a large scale. Today, more than 133 billion liters of beer are sold per year on a global scale.
How Is Beer Made?
Brewing is a complicated process. It starts by converting a malted barley into a sugary liquid called wort. The wort is mixed with hot water in a process known as mashing.
Malt is then added to the and processed in a mash turn for 1-2 hours. During this process, the starches are converted to sugars, and the wort is removed, leaving a sweetened pile of grains.
Next, the grains are washed in a process called sparging (I swear I’m not just making up words). After waking the grains, they’re separated from the wort in a process called lautering (seriously guys?).
Next, the wort is separated into a kettle and boiled. During the boxing process, hops are added as a source of bitterness to counteract the sweet, sugary flavors.
After the boiling process, the wort is cooled, it’s sent to the fermenter where the yeast is added. Over several weeks, the wort slowly turns into sweet, delicious beer. The length of the fermenting process varies depending on the type of yeast and the strength of the beer.
What Are the Different Types of Beer ?
Beer comes in many different styles. Some are light and fruity, others are dark and bold. Some are smooth as silk and others are grainy and rich. The best part? They’re all delicious.
Brewed using a warm fermentation method, which gives it a full-bodied fruity flavor. Originally, ale was brewed using gruit instead of hops, but that all changed when the Purity Law went into effect.
There are many different types of Ale, like the following:
- Brown Ale: Lightly hopped. Mildly flavored. Earthy, nutty flavors.
- Pale Ale: Bitter. Lighter color and body than traditional ale.
- India Pale Ale: Extra hoppy. Strong, bold flavors. King of the homebrews.